From Divided States, A ‘united’ Nation — Thanks To These Men

Separated from the far eastern edge of the Russian empire by only the narrow Bering Strait, the Russians had been the first Europeans to significantly explore and develop Alaska. During the early 19th century, the state-sponsored Russian-American Company established the settlement of Sitka and began a lucrative fur trade with the Native Americans . However, Russian settlement in Alaska remained small, never exceeding more than a few hundred people. By the 1860s, the Russian-American Company had become unprofitable. Faced with having to heavily subsidize the company if an active Russian presence in the territory was to be maintained, the tsar and his ministers chose instead to sell to the Americans. Seeing the giant Alaska territory as a chance to cheaply expand the size of the nation, William H. Seward, President Andrew Johnson ‘s secretary of state, moved to arrange the purchase of Alaska. Agreeing to pay a mere $7 million for some 591,000 square miles of land-a territory twice the size of Texas and equal to nearly a fifth of the continental United States-Seward secured the purchase of Alaska at the ridiculously low rate of less than 2 an acre. Later myths to the contrary, most Americans recognized that Seward had made a smart deal with the Alaska Purchase. Still, a few ill-informed critics did not miss the opportunity to needle the Johnson administration by calling the purchase “Seward’s Folly” and “Seward’s Icebox,” or joking that the administration had only bought the territory to create new political appointments like a “Polar Bear’s Bureau” and a “Superintendent of Walruses.” Johnson’s opponents (who were trying to impeach him at the time) also succeeded in delaying approval of the $7 million appropriation. But after a year of squabbling, Congress approved the purchase, and Russia formally transferred control of the vast northern land to the United States. Within a few decades, Alaska would prove to be an amazing treasure trove of natural resources from gold to oil, proving Seward’s wisdom and exposing the shortsightedness of those who had once poked fun at the purchase.

United States Oil Production Beats Saudia Arabia Via Fracking, Why Are Gas Prices High?

United States Oil Production Beats Saudia Arabia Via Fracking, Why Are Gas Prices High

Mexico (2-3-5) finished fourth with 11 points, three ahead of Panama (1-4-5). Before allowing the stoppage-time goals, Panama was even with El Tri on points and goal difference and would have reached the playoff based on a 10-7 advantage in goals scored. CARLOS JASSO/REUTERS RELATED: BRADLEY’S WORLD CUP DREAM WITH EGYPT IN TATTERS Having earned its seventh straight World Cup berth last month, the U.S. was without many of its regulars because of either injuries or decisions to allow them to return to their clubs. Among the missing were Landon Donovan, Clint Dempsey, Michael Bradley, Jermaine Jones, Tim Howard, Omar Gonzalez and Matt Besler. In all, the Americans started just two players who began the clinching match against Mexico: defender Clarence Goodson and midfielder Alejandro Bedoya. In the absence of Dempsey and Howard, Jozy Altidore captained the national team for the first time. It was an opportunity for us to see some players stepping in, Klinsmann said, Panama got the early goal when Marcos Sanchez sent a layoff to the top of the penalty area, and Torres split the defenders and easily beat goalkeeper Brad Guzan with a one-timed shot to the corner. Orozco scored his third international goal off a Davis corner kick. Sacha Kljestan was hauled down by Luis Henriquez right in front of the goal, allowing the ball to fall to Orozco. With his back toward the goal, Orozco lifted his left leg and made just enough contact to score from 6 yards. Orozco then did a little dance with DaMarcus Beasley, the American left back of late who was given the night off. Panama could have been awarded a penalty kick two minutes later, but Jamaican referee Courtney Campbell didnt whistle Bedoya for knocking over Alberto Quintero as he streaked into the penalty area. Two minutes later, Guzan got his left hand up to stop a point-blank shot by Torres. Panama came back when Torres sent the ball down the right flank to Roberto Chen, who sent a low cross through the penalty area.

United States of America averts default in the 11th hour

In fact, the US met 89 percent of its own energy needs in March of 2013 and as of now is the worlds largest oil producer , surpassing even Saudia Arabia according to the PIRA Energy Group: (The U.S.) growth rate is greater than the sum of the growth of the next nine fastest growing countries combined and has covered most of the worlds net demand growth over the past two years. The U.S. position as the largest oil supplier in the world looks to be secure for many years. To give you an idea how fast this happened, news reports from earlier late last year estimated this wouldnt happen until 2020. And China just recently surpassed the United States as the biggest oil importer. United States oil production should average 12.1 million barrels per day in 2013, but how come US gas prices are still so high? While fracking shale oil has gotten much cheaper and efficient its still more costly than the relatively easy-to-reach Middle East oil. The average fracking rig is mounted on a 18-wheeler truck and has the horsepower of three Formula One racing cars necessary to raise the hydraulic pressure high enough. It takes about 10 days to drill a well while years ago it took over 15 days. Part of the reason fracking is cost effective is because the oil futures markets have pushed the price of crude oil over $100 per barrel on the open market. Plus, only some of the fracking equipment has been shifted over from hunting for natural gas. High Gas Prices: A US Political Problem But you would assume since the United States now exports more oil than it imports that the economic rules of supply and demand should cause US gas prices to drop, right? Unfortunately, thats where localized markets and politics have kept gas prices high. Most of the surge in United States oil product has occurred in North Dakota, Wyoming, Colorado, and Oklahoma. Oil producers are fighting over limited oil pipeline capacity and are forced to use barges and trains, which increases the cost of domestic US oil by around $17 per barrel.

A longtime journalist with The Guardian, Simon Winchester is also the author of The Professor and the Madman.

… Samuel Morse’s telegraph that allowed the transmission of information from one corner of America to the other in seconds changed everything. And, of course, it led the way to the telephone and radio and television and, of course, to the Internet. So Samuel Morse: hugely important figure. On two American presidents and one massive road system This remarkable, curmudgeonly man Thomas MacDonald who was the chief of the Bureau of Roads was called into the Oval Office by FDR, who unrolled an enormous map and drew, with a chinagraph pencil, three lines east and west, five lines north and south and said to MacDonald, “Build me a road system along those lines.” But it was actually Eisenhower who, long before that, had the first idea of the system, and that was in 1919. Just after the first world war, the American National War College was somewhat afraid that … the United States might be attacked by an “Asiatic enemy,” and by that presumably they meant the Japanese. How do we get troops as rapidly as possible across the country by such roads or railways as exist? So they assembled a convoy 3 miles long, and they trundled off westward as fast as they could. But of course west of Omaha there were no roads and bridges kept breaking, and it was a complete disaster. It took 58 days for them to reach San Francisco at an average speed of 5 1/2 miles an hour.

Egypt: Relations with United States in ‘turmoil’

The District, unlike every other state, county, and city is prohibited from using its own locally-raised funds without Congressional approval. The end of the government shutdown averts a funding crisis for the city. The federal government is asking the press to inform federal workers that the government shutdown is over. It is official the United States of America federal government shutdown is over. President Barack Obama said the shutdown will end immediately after he signs the law tonight. Federal workers will return to work immediately. Although there are some Americans who believe that the shutdown was about motives other than stopping the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; it is proven that two million Americans signed a petition to defund the act because they sincerely believe that it will destroy small business in America. Examiner.com will continue to research and investigate the act and the charges that it will hurt millions of American families. “This fight was about the healthcare act. It was always about the healthcare act,” a Senate spokesman said. President Barack Obama spoke to the press shortly after the senate vote. “I want to thank the leaders of both parties,” Obama said.

United States rallies to beat Panama, saves Mexico’s World Cups hopes

The interview was published Wednesday. However, Fahmy said he was “not worried about this turmoil in relations,” because it’s also a chance for the two to “better evaluate their relationship in the future.” The Obama administration’s decision to cut off military aid was meant as a warning that it no longer can be “business as usual” with Cairo, as President Barack Obama put it last week. In announcing the decision, the State Department did not say how much of the $1.5 billion in annual military and economic aid to Egypt was affected. It held up the delivery of Apache helicopters, F-16 fighter jets, M1A1 Abrams tank kits, which are put together in Egyptian factories, and Harpoon anti-ship missiles. But the U.S. decision is more of a symbolic slap than a punishing wound to Egypt’s new military-backed government for its slog toward a return to democratic rule. The military-backed government enjoys the support of wealthy Gulf Arab states such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. These oil-rich states have poured billions of dollars into Egypt’s anemic coffers and to continue the common fight against Islamists. The U.S. also is withholding $260 million in cash assistance to the government in Cairo until “credible progress” is made toward an inclusive government set up through free and fair elections. The U.S. said it will keep providing support for health and education and counterterrorism, spare military parts, military training and border security and security assistance in the volatile Sinai Peninsula. Near-daily attacks against Egyptian security forces and soldiers in Sinai have increasingly resembled a full-fledged insurgency.